The difference between iron and steel ! Many people confuse iron and steel. Some people think they are two different names for one thing.

But the truth is different, because iron and steel differ from each other in some ways,

In this article, we will explain the difference between iron and steel in terms of composition and properties, and the uses,

It should be noted that iron and steel have very important uses,

especially in construction and various industries, such as:

The manufacture of kitchen tools, the manufacture of safety nets, doors, windows, cars and many other things.

The difference between iron and steel :

The iron

  • Its symbol is in the periodic table Fe, and its density is 78,

its atomic weight is 55.847, and its atomic number is 26,

Either the specific gravity is 7.86, and its melting point is 1535 ° C, while its boiling point is 2750 ° C.

  • Iron is considered one of the most common elements in nature,

because it ranks fourth among the elements in terms of proportion and quality in the earth’s crust,

and of propagation and quality in the form of oxides.

  • It is classified as a metal, which is malleable and ductile,

and it is used in the manufacture of many articles, tools and alloys because it is one of the most used metals in the industry.

  • It is considered one of the stable elements in terms of electromagnetic force,

because it has a strong electromagnetic force and, in its nuclei, it has nuclear forces.

  • Meteorites that fall to the ground are considered one of the most important sources of iron, as 90% of their mass is made up of iron.
  • If iron is mixed with carbon, it becomes a type of steel.

Steel :

  • Steel has no symbol in the periodic table because it is a compound,

not an element, and it is made of iron and carbon.

  • Steel is an alloy that consists of a group of elements and is not a single element, unlike iron, which is a single element.
  • Iron is an essential component of steel in addition to carbon.
  • The higher the percentage of carbon in steel, the higher its hardness,

its properties and its uses, because it increases its hardness with increasing carbon.

  • Wrought iron is pure iron and contains very little carbon.
  • Solid iron consists of iron and carbon in addition to a number of other elements such as

Chromium, manganese, silicon, nickel, vanadium, molybium and other elements are of small but variable proportions.


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